Try opening the .dbf file in Excel or other program that supports opening the .dbf format.
Another variant might be instrument as https://onlinefile.repair/en/dbf.html
Once opened in Excel you should be able to view the file, delete any "bad data", and resave to a new name (with the .dbf extension).
Also possible to create a new table with the structure of the old table, append records from the old to the new. May salvage records until the corruption is encountered.