Re: File System arcitecture / understanding?
If you want an inside look at what an OS system looks like, look at the install guide for the OS, e.g. Windows Server 2008 R8 Install Guide. System files are created by the product while being installed. Best way to view them is to simply list them with Windows Explorer, then Google them to find out how they are used, etc.
Some programming languages come with a Software Developer's Kit (SDK) with a built-in debugger. For other languages you build in the debug code yourself, called code instrumentation that can be turned on or off via a debug switch e.g.
-DISPLAY, "got to 'DO THIS'"
-DISPLAY, "record/row looked like this, :RECORD LAYOUT before being manipulated"
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