Re: Setting up a school-like network
Lets look at these questions in turn...
I'll give you some answers, you need to google stuff that you don't fully understand, or come back with more specific questions.
The server holds user accounts...
the server uses active directory (usually) to hold the student accounts.
this is a server program that runs the domain, Active directory allows you to make user accounts that can log onto the domain, each user account as certain details connected to them, (like a mail box, and a profile folder, and a home directory). the users profile sets the home directory and maps a drive to it.
the server is the network drive
the server is not necessarily the network drive as well, but it could be, as I said abovev what the (domain) server does do is set up your home drive and tell the computer that you're logging on to to create a home drive (usually H for home or N for network) and where the location of your home drive is
the server is the internet gateway.
the server is likely not to be the gateway, there is more likely some dedicated network hardware for that. so that non proxied traffic just goes straight out. as set by firewall rules to allow it.
the server is the proxy server
any server can be a proxy server, a couple of people above have recommended ISA server, if you can afford that great, if not search for a free one, (like squid, or privoxy). these cache content, provide users report, lock some file types if they aren't allowed on the network etc.
install programs on the server accessible from the start menu
if it's just an EXE file you can run this from anywhere, you just double click and it'll run.
you could also use a remote application solution lilke citrix or TSapps
install programs on the client from the server.
you can use active directory and group policy objects to make software install on client workstations when they boot up.
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